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Maintaining Your Sewage System
Discovering raw sewage in your home is a nightmare that can happen to anyone under the wrong circumstances. Aging sewer systems can show their true colors when a particularly bad rainstorm sweeps across your region. Dealing with backed up sewers and a flooded basement is not a good experience. Often, it is necessary to hire restoration companies to deal with the damage. Water restoration is a complex process that can be time consuming. To help prevent such instances, it is wise to understand the sewage system and common causes.
Although sewage back ups can occur within the main sewer lines, it is also common for back ups to occur underneath the lateral lines, which are the property owner’s responsibility. These are the sanitary lines connected to the main line and run beneath individuals’ properties. A number of things can cause blockages in the pipes and sewers and although some are easy to prevent, others are nearly impossible to detect until too late, because of the nature of the piping system.
In a home, one of the most common problems with backup involves flushing solid items down a drain. Such items, such as hair, disposable diapers, sanitary napkins, broken porcelain and food scraps can all cause blockages because they can become too big for a pipe to pass properly. This type of blockage affects only an individual property. To prevent it, make sure that you are disposing of such items properly and remember to clear drains on a regular basis.
Over time, defects in the physical construction of the sewage pipes can develop or become accentuated to the point of causing problems. This is difficult to regulate, as most of these systems are underground, but major damage can occur, which leads to overflow. In many cases, structural defects require a complete rebuilding of the sewer lines involved and can be caused by anything from degraded supports, to misaligned piping and complete collapses.
Other Causes of Sewage Backup
Another cause of sewage back ups comes from vegetation. Root systems from bushes and trees can slowly grow over sewage lines. In some cases, roots grow into the lines through joints or open access areas. Given time, these roots can grow large enough to cause blockage. Another problem comes from structural defects that arise when roots grow large enough to crack or break the plumping they surround. This is the same effect that raises and disrupts sidewalks overtime.
In addition to root systems, there are other vegetation problems. During the fall and spring seasons, it is easy for large amounts of debris to accumulate over and within sewage systems. These sticks, rocks, leaves and other solid objects can create a critical mass that can stuff manholes or drainage sites, causing major blockages. Any type of blockage in the sewer lines can cause back ups.
During periods of heavy capacity, such as during heavy spring rains, the sewer lines can become backed up because of insufficient system capacity. If the water continues without abatement it can backflow into residential drains, causing flooding and water damage.
In order to prevent these things from happening, you must be conscientious of what you put into your sewage system. Although city sewage treatment plants are more robust than most septic systems, it is necessary to think about what you are flushing or draining through your household waste waters. In addition, check your property for drainage points and general sewage access. You want to avoid dealing with water damage or flooding by keeping obvious manholes, street drains, and other sites clear at all times. If you have sewer damage and require clean up, call Restoration Local 24/7 at 1-888-443-3110 for a free estimate!