Best Water Damage Restoration Techniques for a Flooded Basement
By definition, basements are the lowest level of a building, which is either partly or entirely underground. They are therefore inherently prone to flooding not only during heavy downpours or snow-melts but also during dry weather conditions. This is because ground water is, at times, above the level of the basement floor and, thus, seeps or flows through walls or the floor. Flooding may also occur due to a sanitary, storm or both sewers backup, especially when they are located above the basement level. Due to the force of gravity, the water will flow to your basement and may even be accelerated by some factors; the sloping of the land may promote water to flow to your house; cracks provide points of seepage and problems with the pipes.
During dry weather, basement flooding could be caused by a blocked or failed sanitary lateral. A lateral can degrade and become susceptible to tree roots penetration, which will cause it to collapse. Ultimately, this will result to sewage backup, hence causing your home’s wastewater to flood. Another cause is the failure of the drainage system, which is supposed to keep the ground water lower than the basement floor. To control this, a sump pump is installed. During wet weather, flooding may be caused by surface inflow that can only be controlled by changing the slope around your home or redirecting water using trenches. Failure of the weeping tile may cause the drainage of water out of a house to be blocked, consequently causing ground water level to rise and enter your basement.
When the disaster occurs, however, it is up to you to do your basement floor cleanup very fast. Otherwise, the water could cause a lot of damage to your valued possessions and accelerate growth of mold. Growth of mold ruins your walls, furniture, carpet, floor and leads to poor indoor air quality; poor air quality causes respiratory diseases such as asthma. This post will provide a guideline on how to clean up your house after a flood, but this should be after contacting your insurance company and informing them what you intend to do.
- The first step is to make a flood related safety inspection. You should be in the lookout for any hazardous conditions such as structural damages, electrical hazards, pathogenic bacteria, mold and mildew. You should be careful not to step in standing floodwater as you risk electrocution, and it could be of help if you switched off the power.
- Step two would be to move or elevate any building content that might be permanently damaged. You can remove water via pumps or, if that cannot work, you could vacuum it through a portable extraction unit, which you could easily rent or purchase from your local hardware unit.
- The next step in water damage restoration when faced with a flooded basement is to remove the carpet padding and dispose it. It might prove an uphill task to clean it yourself, but water damage restorers have specialized equipment to save most of the padding. The danger of leaving your carpet is that it will later feel dry but the pad will still be wet. Removing the carpe requires you to hold each edge of your carpet using pliers and pulling it up. It is advisable to pull it back as far as possible, which will cut out the water.
- Step four is to disinfect your flooded basement using the proper dilution rate of Pine Oil and Clorox Bleach.
- The final step is to set up air movers and air conditioners, which will create a dry environment. There is, however, the danger of too much air movement and not enough dehumidification as it may cause secondary damages. If water damage restoration proves too much of a task for you, feel free to call an expert.