How to Stop Basement Flooding
Flooding in basements is unfortunately common, and it can leave behind costly damage for homeowners to contend with. Because basements lie below ground level, moisture in the soil can easily penetrate through basement walls and enter the space. Repairing the damage from a flooded basement from flood restoration services can easily cost thousands of dollars or more, and some homeowners have to contend with multiple floods each year. Understandably, you want to find a way to stop basement flooding with permanent results. There are several great steps that you can take to generate the results you desire.
Improve Your Home’s Guttering System
Your home’s roof receives a considerable amount of rainfall during a typical shower, and all of the water that lands on this large surface must run off the roof and onto the ground. This means that the ground around the immediate perimeter of the home receives more rainfall than ground away from the home. Gutters are designed to capture the rain that lands on the roof and to control its distribution and placement in the yard. If your home does not currently have gutters, consider making this highly beneficial investment. If your home does have gutters, ensure that they provide complete coverage and that they are clean and functional. Pay attention to where water collects in the areas around your home, and use your gutters to channel this water farther away from the home if needed.
Address Drainage Issues
Gutters are a great way to reduce the amount of water your ground soil around the home is subject to, but this is often not enough to keep basement walls and floors completely dry. Yards will ideally grade gently away from the home, but some yards grade toward the home. When this happens, water will gather around the perimeter of the home. This can saturate your foundation, and water may ultimately penetrate through the walls to create a flood in your basement. Carefully review the slope of your yard. If you notice signs of a drainage issue on your property, work with a landscaper to develop an effective strategy for correcting this issue. Skilled landscapers may be able to correct the issue while also enhancing the decorative nature of your yard.
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Fill Foundation Cracks
You should also carefully inspect the interior walls and floor in your basement inch by inch. Concrete foundations are prone to cracks. Even superficial cracks in this surface will enable water to more easily penetrate into the space to create a flooding issue. You can use an epoxy filler to seal the cracks and to prevent water from flowing through them. This is an easy do-it-yourself project that can ultimately prevent you from experiencing thousands of dollars in repair costs.
Seal the Basement
It is not enough to simply fill the foundation cracks. While moisture is more likely to penetrate through cracks than through a solid concrete surface, keep in mind that concrete is not impermeable to moisture. This means that during a heavy rain situation when the ground is saturated, moisture can enter through unsealed walls in your basement. There are various sealant methods used to waterproof basements today. Some can easily be painted on by the homeowner as a do-it-yourself project. This type of sealant is very affordable, but it is generally well-suited for homes with only minor leaking. If your walls and floors allow a substantial amount of water to penetrate through them during a heavy rainstorm, a more substantial, professional sealant should be applied for better results.
Invest in a Quality Sump Pump
A sump pump is designed to activate as soon as moisture in the basement is detected. It works to suction any standing water out of the home. While it cannot prevent a flood, it can reduce how high the water level reaches in your basement. This can save you a considerable amount of money in repair costs. A sump pump generally only works when it receives an adequate power supply. During some severe storms that may result in basement flooding, the electricity in your home may go out. With this in mind, it is important to connect your sump pump to a power generator to ensure that it always has the power supply it requires.
Install Window Covers
Most basements typically have at least a few windows. These windows are often installed right at or below ground level in wells. When it rains, the water can pool around these surfaces because of their low level. When pooling occurs, water leaks are more likely to occur. You can and should seal your basement windows regularly to minimize the risk of leaking. In addition, there are special covers that are designed to specifically protect your basement windows from exposure to water. They generally allow light to penetrate into the basement, but they are impermeable to water to prevent window leaks.
Plan to Complete Annual Home Maintenance
As you can see, it takes a considerable amount of effort to make a basement completely waterproof. Unfortunately, however, seals can wear down over time. Sump pumps can break. Rain can impact sloping and pooling in your yard. Gutters can clog. As you can see, over time, many of the features that you have worked hard to implement in your home can fail. With this in mind, it is best to get into the regular habit of inspecting each of these features at least once per year and making repairs and updates as needed.
Even a minor basement flood can be devastating. You may use your basement for storage, and water can ruin the items that you store in your basement. If your basement is finished out, your furnishings and electronics may get ruined from exposure to water. In addition, moisture can lead to mold in the basement growth, which can be costly to remove and dangerous for you and your loved ones to be exposed to. If your basement is prone to flooding you can easily address this issue by following some or all of these steps to stop basement flooding.