Handling A Flooded Yard
Your home isn’t the only part of your property at risk from flooding. Your surrounding yard can also be damaged by excess water. While soil and grass and plants thrive on having enough water, too much can easily destroy them. Homes located at the base of a hill or slope are at the greatest risk for flooding, and if you are considering such a property, you should know where nearby water sources are and determine your risk.
As water accumulates in the soil around your foundation, it increases the risk of groundwater entering your home. Common entry points are weakened mortar joints, cracks in the foundation or flooring, and the seam between your foundation and flooring. Depending on the extent of the flooding, even a small crack can lead to extensive water damage in your home. Unresolved or undetected water leaks will allow mold to thrive and will require mold mitigation to resolve the issue.
There are a number of solutions for flood prevention such as the installation of French Drains in various locations throughout the yard. These drains transport water to an area conducive to drainage. French Drains are best suited for yards with one lone problem area or at most a couple of trouble spots.
Dry wells are another solution, as they hold excess water during times of flooding, preventing it from accumulating in the yard. As water collects, it will be drained into the soil slowly over a period of days. Dry wells can also be constructed to remove water to outlying areas, away from the yard. They must always be located at a lower level than the home they protect.
Sump pumps are the most common device used for treating flooded yards, and they are also the most expensive to install. Sump pumps suck out the accumulating water and pump it to a safe distance. Sump pumps are installed in pits that are designed for them, and the filling of the pit with water triggers the activation of the unit.
Curtain Drains use perforated drain pipe surrounded by stones covered with a filter cloth to remove excess water, which is carried downhill, away from the yard. Using gravel means accessibility in the event that repairs are needed.
Raise the Soil Bed
Once trouble water spots have been identified, one other solution is to raise the level of the yard through the addition of mulch and topsoil. This prevents the pooling of water and will provide a rapid fix to your flooding problems.
Remember, a yard is just as much a part of your property as the home or shed or carport or whatever, and appropriate steps should be taken to protect it in the event of a flooding event. While some of the solutions may cost a bit of money, this pales in comparison to a flood damage repair bill.