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Know Your Enemy – Different Types of Mold

Mold is the single most common byproduct of any type of water damage in your home or business, and is in fact quite common in many homes throughout the US. Not all molds are created equal, though, and the type of mold you have dictates how urgent the need is for proper mold removal and remediation services.

Don’t get us wrong; any mold that is discovered should be treated as soon as possible, since mold will not get better on its own and will grow steadily worse until it has been properly treated and the affected area cleansed and dehumidified in order to prevent the mold from returning.

Mold reproduces by way of microscopic spores that travel by air until they find an area that is suitably wet and capable of supporting mold growth.

The most common type of home mold is Penicillium, an allergenic mold that is perfectly capable of causing several diseases in humans. It may be found on decaying food, as well as within the home’s ventilation and air conditioning system. Any activation of the air system can quickly spread mold spores throughout your home.

Cladosporium is a powdery substance that may present itself as a black or dark green substance on walls, pipes, or ceilings. It may also grow on food, dead plants, paint, or fiberglass products. Cladosporium may cause  nail fungus, asthma aggravation, as well as pulmonary issues and skin rashes or other irritations.

Memmoniella is another common type of mold, usually found in paper, cotton, and wood products. Memmoniella produces toxins that are a health hazard for humans and animals, and is widely considered to be the first cousin to the more well known Stachybotrys mold.

Stachybotrys mold is commonly referred to as Black Mold, and it looks like its name, a slimy black growth that is fully capable of causing cancer, asthma, and severe headaches. Black mold is most commonly found behind walls and under ceilings, where it may grow undetected for extended periods of time.

Another common mold is known as Mucor, which is found in soil and animal waste, and may present a threat to people with weak immune systems by causing lung infections or other respiratory issues.

This is by no means an exhaustive list, but merely the more common types of mold found in the home. All present their own unique problems, and as such they should be promptly remediated in order to prevent additional damage to the property or danger to the health of the residents.

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